• Alex Nduhura Uganda Management Institute
  • Thekiso molokwane University of Botswana
  • Muhiya Tshombe Lukamba North West University Vaal Campus
  • Innocent Nuwagaba Uganda Management Institute
  • Faith Kadondi
  • Francis Can


Over the years the unsolicited PPP proposals also known as contractor facilitated financ-ing proposal are gaining momentum. The purpose of this paper was to explore the prac-tice of procuring unsolicited bids for PPPs from an international perspective to inform best practices for adoption in developing countries that are witnessing increasing offers from USP proponents. Existing literature acknowledges that unsolicited proposals (USPs) are largely unacceptable in traditional procurement but are acceptable in the environment of PPPs. While USPs are acceptable they have remained under researched as guidance on procedure for their management, remains relatively absent and at times shallow in national PPP policy, legal and regulatory frameworks. Based on a systematic review of literature, the study provides guidance on how to manage USPs in developing countries that are experiencing a rise in PPPs and USPs.

Author Biographies

Alex Nduhura, Uganda Management Institute

Senior Lecturer,Department of Procurement Logistics and Marketing

Thekiso molokwane, University of Botswana

Senior Lecturer,Public Administration

Muhiya Tshombe Lukamba, North West University Vaal Campus

Prof Dr Public Management and Governance

School of Humanities and Public Adminsitration

Innocent Nuwagaba, Uganda Management Institute

Consultant/Lecturer ,Project Planning and Management

Management Department


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How to Cite

Nduhura, A., molokwane, T., Lukamba, M. T., Nuwagaba, I., Kadondi , F., & Can, F. (2023). PROCURING UNSOLICITED BIDS WITHOUT LOOSING THE INNOVATION INGREDIENT: IMPLEMENTATION LESSONS FOR PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. International Public Management Review, 22(1), 91–113. Retrieved from