Reforming the Pay System for Government Employees in Egypt


  • Doha Abdelhamid
  • Laila El Baradei


This article attempts to identify what needs to be done to reform the pay system for government employees in Egypt through proposing a set of policy solutions and strategies. After dissecting the structure and composition of the current pay system, and conducting structured interviews with a sample of Egyptian government employees to solicit their views about the adequacy of pay, the authors propose a system for pay adjustment and strategies to resolve the problem. Foremost among these issues are securing the needed extra funding for increasing government employees’ pay, rightsizing the government civil service, enhancing transparency, reducing wage discrepancies, reforming the minimum wage policy and establishing a better link between pay and performance. To conclude, the study stresses that the urgency of the problem requires the Government of Egypt to consider pay reform a top priority and work immediately on developing its civil service reform strategy in consultation with stakeholders.

Author Biographies

Doha Abdelhamid

Doha Abdelhamid, Ph.D., is Visiting Professor of Financial Economics, Business School, Canadian International College, Cape Breton University (CBU); and Executive Board Member, International Development Evaluation Association (IDEAS).

Laila El Baradei

Laila El Baradei, Ph.D., is Professor of Public Administration, Public Policy and Administration Department (PPAD) and Associate Dean, School of Global Affairs & Public Policy (GAPP), The American University in Cairo, New Cairo Campus, New Cairo, Egypt.


How to Cite

Abdelhamid, D., & Baradei, L. E. (2014). Reforming the Pay System for Government Employees in Egypt. International Public Management Review, 11(3), 59–87. Retrieved from