Harnessing Knowledge Exchange Among Professionals
AbstractOfficials, economists and others in developing nations worry about the economic impact of losing their best and brightest people to opportunities presented in richer countries. However, increasingly some of the effects of diasporas appear to be positive so that the new focus is on “brain gain” rather than "brain drain." The article begins with a brief discussion of technical and professional capacity challenges in developing countries, and then reviews recent evidence on the magnitude of brain gain. Findings on knowledge exchange among skilled professionals through diaspora networks are then summarized from case study research on the Philippines and the People's Republic of China (PRC) conducted by ADB, and from selected other work on the Asian experience. Based on these findings, policy recommendations are advanced on how to facilitate and improve knowledge exchange through diasporas.
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